One Of The Famous Urdu Poet Mirza Ghalib
Leading Bollywood singer and filmmaker Gulzar has written a poem that is very popular on social media these days. This is the last stop.
From the same dim dark street Qasim
A sequence of lamps begins
A page of Qur’anic discourse opens
The address of Asadullah Khan ‘Ghalib’ is found
Come on Qasim Jan’s street in Balimaran’s neighborhood of Old Delhi, there used to be a man named Ghalib, but why do people still look for his address? Why is he still so famous?
I asked one of my Urdu and critical friends who is the dominant one. His answer was: ‘The question is seemingly simple but very deep. Simple because people will laugh at you because you don’t even know who is dominant and deep because even the dominant didn’t know who is dominant? And they, too, have left the answer open to others to keep on trying to get to know Ghalib.
There used to be an advertisement for a soft drink saying ‘Cold means Coca Cola’, just like today ‘Poet means Mirza Ghalib.
It is a well-known fact that Ghalib was said to have been a poet a hundred years ago in his own time. What But the tragedy about Ghalib is that most of the research on Ghalib has been done by Urdu people, so Ghalib is still limited.
While Ghalib had lamented the lack of Urdu language, Syed Muhammad Zain-ul-Haq alias Zain Shamsi, a well-known Urdu teacher in Bihar, has blamed Urdu researchers for not knowing Ghalib so far. He says Ghalib did not understand because people read his commentary, not Ghalib’s, and continued to understand him through the same lens as commentators or critics.
It is as if the story of the four blind elephants about Ghalib is true, that is, the one who touched the limb of the elephant.
On Zain Shamsi’s statement, my thoughts went to a person who has nothing to do with Urdu but according to him, Ghalib is in his soul. I thought why not check Zain Shamsi’s claim. When I immediately called and asked, Waqar Ahmed, who is doing MB, said, Only the meanings of Ghalib’s poems open up.
He said: “Ghalib is not a poet of a single era but a poet till the Day of Judgment because as long as there are problems, there are worries, there are longings of people which are not fulfilled. Until then, Ghalib is relevant.” And these things are eternal. Ghalib’s life is a life of struggle. This man has spent his whole life proving himself, his problem is not with the people but directly with God.
Waqar Ahmed said: ‘Iqbal wrote’ Shukoh ‘and’ Jawab Shukoh ‘which Ghalib had written a hundred years ago: It is given in the same way as Iqbal has ended the ‘glorious answer’ that ‘if you are faithful to Muhammad then we are yours / where this thing is, what tablet and pen are yours’ while Ghalib says ‘I am in his ummah’ Why should my work be stopped?
He says that Ghalib can be understood only from his poems which contain all his mystical and philosophical poems and he is a preacher and follower of unity of existence which the common man is unable to understand.
However, his contemporaries objected to his language, pointing to Ghalib’s difficulty. Even Aishwarya Dehlavi satirized Mirza Ghalib by reciting these poems.
If you understand your own words, what do you understand?
When it comes to having fun, say one thing and understand the other
Understand the word Mir and understand the language, Mirza
But you should understand what he said or God should understand
Dominant in itself.
Anyway, after talking to Waqar Ahmed, I picked up the Diwan of Najam-ud-Daulah, Dabir-ul-Mulk, Mirza Nosha Asadullah Khan Ghalib Bahadur Nizam Jang, and at first glance, I found that Ghalib is the one who comes to mind from the unseen. Ghalib is a reader of humorous writing. The mighty is the one who is trapped between hope and beam, the mighty is the one who is under fire. Ghalib is the companion of Sheh, the one who brings them down.
Ghalib Andalib Gulshan is unaffected. The dominant persecution is the longing for separation. Dominant is the green that grows poison. Ghalib is an old man, a free man. Noisy, restless head. The dominant word is comprehensible and eloquent. Ghalib is ashamed, Ghalib is complaining. Ghalib is a guardian, he is a greedy person, Ghalib is a spectator in the guise of the poor.
Ghalib is a ghazal singer, is a mahram of Nawa-e-Raz, is huge in depression and sorrow, and is a believer in fitna mahshar. Ghalib is crazy, wise, and united in his skill. He is beyond non-existence, not the time that could not come, that is, for every age. Her sigh is fiery. He is free from the shackles of the past, his footsteps are the bubble of speed, the shore of the shore, whose cell is flooded with kidneys. Ghalib is the one who is free and self-sufficient even in servitude.
The dominant is the one who has no control over anything, Dominant is the one in front of whom is the world of children. Dominant is the fiery statement, in front of which no one stands, so that there is no aspect of life’s tension that they do not express, and then to say that ‘the choice of poems disgraced me’ makes it even more interesting. Is. Yet the dominance is beyond description.
On one occasion, the well-known Urdu critic Shams-ur-Rehman Farooqi had said: ۔ ‘
Waqar said that Allah Almighty above and Ghalib below and all the commotion in between means that when there is no one present then what is this commotion O God?
Who is dominant? When I asked this question Ahmed Mahfooz, Professor of Urdu Language and Literature at Jamia Millia Islamia University in Delhi, said that Ghalib is the last great poet of the classical tradition of Urdu poetry while the modern poetic tradition. He is the first great poet.
In other words, Ghalib is a person who has the status of a high bridge between the two traditions of Urdu and it is seen from afar that no one can object to them.
Let’s take a look at Ghalib. You will find a lot of information about his data everywhere on the internet that he was born on December 27, 1797, in the house of Abdullah Baig in Agra. The 13-year-old was groomed, came to Delhi and was called Mian Nosha, and stayed here. First became Assad, then called Ghalib, and became famous throughout the ages. Which he also felt.
They are also very eloquent in the world
It is said that Ghalib has a style of expression
Saw the Mughal Empire at its sunset. He became the companion of the king, descended, then a new era came in which iron roads ie railway tracks were laid and the incident of the year 1857 took place in which Delhi was razed to the ground. Poetry dwindled and prose was invented in such a way that the message was turned into a dialogue, and when he died on February 15, 1869, saying, “Dear, now Allah is Allah.”
It’s a human story, but there’s something more powerful. Zain Shamsi said on the phone that there are many questions.
Ghalib’s greatest miracle is that it is very difficult to reject any of his poems or any of his theories. If Ghalib saw Zahid being drunk, then he has also talked about humorous writing.
On the other hand, Prof. Ahmed Mahfooz says that Ghalib worked to establish Urdu ghazal as opposed to Persian ghazal. Ghalib’s ghazal is classical to its contemporaries and enjoys all its features and attributes.
They have a lot of interrogative styles… What is it, and why is it? Their predecessors do not ask questions but they ask questions. What happened to you? What is the cloud? What is wind? When no one exists, then what is this commotion, O God?
Prof. Ahmed Mahfooz says that the impressions of new sensibility are visible in Ghalib while Ghalib is completely different in terms of style. The subjects are the same, lover and rival but their statement is based on rationalism, is abstract, abstract, rationale, and imaginative. Ghalib’s similes, metaphors, imagination, and reason are more.
I will not have less taste than a desert
The bubble of speed is my footsteps
They have an idea, that is, to tie the idea to a new meaning. Poets like Naskh and Shah Naseer were skilled in this while Bedel was famous. Which Ghalib himself has confessed:
Saying Rekhta in the style of Bedal / Asadullah Khan is the Hour.
Whoever gets lucky, my day is dark
That person should not say day, how can it be night?
Ghalib is a difficult choice in his poetry and his life. Instead of saying things directly, they say things in a layered manner that can take many demands at once.
The three people I spoke to are a teacher and a journalist, a common reader, and a professor of Urdu language and literature but all of them say that Ghalib is a devout Muslim but he could not be understood and this is his job. Has done it himself.
Ahmed Mahfouz cited a poem as an example
“Break the chain, break Saad Dana.”
Explaining that the beads of the rosary are high and low while the zinar is a thread and is straight which is tied by the followers of other religions ie following Islam is a difficult task compared to other religions and they have chosen the difficult task.
Ghalib says, “I am happy to see the road burning.”
The destination beyond essay writing is imagination and the miracle of Ghalib is that most of his poems fall into this category and go for a world of meaning. Ghalib wrote in one of his letters that “poetry is not a metaphor but a creation of meaning.”
Zain Shamsi says that he understood this poem of Ghalib in the time of Corona, “If there was nothing, there was God, there would be God.
He says that the issue of Ghalib’s religious tendency is not Muslim but what Islam has said. Universal is a universal concept. There are two things in this world, reward, and sin. Thus in the hereafter, there are two things, heaven, and hell and between them, there are two things, action and charisma or miracle. Everyone wants to go to heaven and the organized business of religion is spread all over the world but Ghalib is beyond this religious economy and industry.
At the same time, he said that the words of Ghalib have not been given the status of the inspirational book by Abdul Rehman Bajnoori in the same way.
Ghalib used to give more importance to his Persian speech but he got more fame because of his Urdu speech. He was a living being, but his word is universal.
Well-known historian William Dillermple said in an interview two years ago that he is like all the great poets like Shakespeare for all time while Shams-ur-Rehman Farooqi said that no poet can be great unless his Poetry should not be free from the bondage of time and place.
Well-known critic Shamim Hanafi writes in this regard that “prose and poetry have many exceptional statuses. One aspect of this distinction is that no other author has written so little and made such a stable and permanent place for himself as Ghalib.
Ghalib wrote in a letter to Mir Ghulam Hasnain Qadir Bulgrami: Fifty years have passed in this style of exercise. The body is no longer fit. Prose writing Persian one pen paused. Urdu, so the wording in it is an abandoned pen. Which come on the tongue and come out of the pen. The foot is in the stirrup and the hand is in the garden. What should I write and what should I say? ‘
If Ghalib is said to be the greatest poet of despair, then he is also the greatest poet of hope, and his motto is that “to be sorry is to renew the covenant of desire”.
Poetry has been praised and interpreted by many people but the one in which there is an essay is good poetry, the one in which there is dialogue is higher than that but the one in which there is self-talk is greater and in Ghalib, these three conditions Are present in their standard style but the rhetoric itself is the highest and that is why Ghalib will be understood with new meanings for every age while the well-known comedian Mushtaq Ahmed Yousifi has written in one place that ‘Ghalib is the only such thing in the world. A poet who gives double pleasure when he does not understand.
I am selling something to the jinn