How does CPI affect inflation?
The consumer price index is a measure that examines the weighted average of prices of a market basket of consumer goods and services such as transportation food and medical care purchased by households it is a comprehensive measure calculated by taking price changes for each item in the predetermined basket of goods and averaging them changes in the spare usedto survey cost changes related with the typical cost for most everyday items the CPI is one of the most frequently used statistics for identifying periods of inflation or deflation CPI is an economic indicator it is the most widely used measure of inflation and the effectiveness of the government’s economic policy the CPI gives the government businesses and citizens an idea about price changes in the economy and can act as a guide to make informed and decisions about the economy.
The CPI and the components that make its up can also be used as a deflator for other economic indicators including retail sales hourly weekly earnings additionally it can be used to value a consumer’s dollar to find its purchasing power generally the dollar’s purchasing power declines when the aggregate price level increases and vice versa inflation is measured using cpi the percentage change in this index over a period of time gives the amount of inflation over that specific period that is the increase in prices of are presentative basket of goods consumed the reserve bank of India and other statistical agencies study cpi so as to understand the price change of various commodities and keep a tab on inflation CPI is also a helpful pointer in understanding the real value of wager’s salaries and pensions the purchasing power of a country’s currency and regulating prices economist’s responsible for gathering information by studying families on their purchasing behaviors most bought things and everyday costs.
The CPI statistics cover professionals self-employed poor unemployed and retired people in the country people not included in the reports are non-metro or rural populations farm families armed forces people erring in prison and those in mental hospitals the CPI represents the cost of a basket of goods and services across the country every month those goods and services are broken into eight major groups housing apparel transportation education and communication food and beverages medical care recreation and other goods and services.
In Indie, there are four consumer price index numbers that are calculated and these are as follows cpi for industrial workers CPI for agricultural laborers CPI for rural laborers and CPI for urban non-manual employees while the ministry of statistics and program implementation collects cpi data and compiles it the remaining three are collected by the labor bureau in the ministry of labor the CPI is calculated concerning a base year which is used as a bench market price change pertains to that year remember when you calculate the CPI note that the price of the basket in year one has to be first divided by the price of the market basket of the base year then it is multiplied by hundred CPI is equal to the cost of basket divided by the the the the the the cost of the the the the the basket in the base year multiplied by hundred in indie the base years of the current series of CPI iw CPI al and CPI are 1982,1986 87 and 1984-85 respectively it is an effective indicator of expansion and typical cost for most everyday items in a country.