How to improve the education system?
The key to the improvement of any general public lies in schooling education not only nurtures the personality of an individual but also has a positive political, economic and social impact on the society, and thus a prosperous and conscious society has formed the Constitution of Pakistan promises that all children between the ages of five and sixteen will be provided free and compulsory education. But since the 18th Amendment, education has been transferred to the provinces along with 47 other issues. It is now the responsibility of the provincial governments to ensure the provision of this basic right to their citizens. However! In the case of Pakistan, there have been numerous flaws in the education system since day one and no one has sincerely tried to solve them. Although this question has always been asked by academics and rulers, how can our education system be improved? But that’s the problem.
Coming up next are a few ideas on the best way to look or get an arrangement for classical things.
1. Political Consensus
Because of the personal stakes of the different ideological groups in the country, there has never been a political agreement on educational program improvement or public training strategy. Consequently, there is much of the time a hole in the quality and congruity of the schooling system. Somebody comes and presents people in general, private and madrassa framework, and somebody disposes of everything for the sake of a uniform educational plan. Some embrace a strategy of nationalization and some are inclined toward privatization. As a rule, there is a twofold norm of schooling in Pakistan as of now IB Curriculum of English Education System, O Levels and A-Levels, and Matriculation and Intermediate System; for the poor, the IB Curriculum of English Education System, O Levels and A-Levels, and Matriculation and Intermediate System.
The previous government’s idea of a uniform curriculum was good, but it also had several shortcomings. One drawback was that not all political parties and stakeholders agreed. There is a need for all stakeholders, especially political leaders, to agree on one point (for the sake of the country and the nation) and to improve the education system.
2. Curriculum Review
The world is changing very fast, which has many effects on our lives. But our curriculum, curriculum goals and standards, textbooks, teacher standards, and libraries are the same as they were decades ago. There is no positive change in them. Curriculum revisions are required every four to five years and should be attended by all stakeholders – academics, teachers, school principals, students, parents, and rulers. If this happens then we will be able to keep pace with the times, otherwise, we will lag far behind in the path of development like today.
3. Increase in the education budget
The developed countries of the world allocate a considerable amount of money in their annual budgets for education, but in Pakistan, this rate has always been unsatisfactory and low. In the year 2021-22, the education budget in the Kingdom of God was 1.5% of GDP. If we look at the annual budget for the last half a century, we find that this budget has been limited from 1.5% to 3% and 3% only three times in 1987, 1998, and 2015. In contrast, a closer look at the education budgets of some of the world’s most developed countries shows that in 2021, Norway topped the list with 6.4%, followed by New Zealand at 6.3%, the UK at 6.2%, and the US at 6.1%. Allocated and spent on education. If we look at our neighboring country India, we find that the education budget is 3.1%. There is a need for our rulers to seriously increase the education budget and ensure its sincere and responsible use.
4. Teacher Training
Educator instruction and preparation are vital for the improvement and outcome of any schooling system teacher training programs are not only a guarantor of quality education management but also an effective means of raising awareness towards rooting out some of the cancers in society, for instance, being prepared by educators can assist with breaking the pattern of scorn, debasement, nepotism, robbery, and station but in our country, unfortunately, teachers are recruited without any teaching training. Although there is a structure for teacher training at the government level, there are numerous shortcomings that need to be addressed on a priority basis. Licenses must be issued for teachers and pre-service and in-service training should be arranged.
5. Discouraging Rita culture
In our society, if someone utters a few words like a parrot, unfortunately, it is considered worthy. However, when this student is asked what this means, he does not know anything. Natchez has seen countless candidates who hold MS, M.Phil, or Ph.D. When asked what this definition means? Explain this concept in simple words or where this concept can be applied in ordinary life or where it is visible, then they take permanent silence. The result is that even with a degree with excellent marks and honors, you can’t get a good job. Now is the time to eradicate Rita culture from our education system. This will require necessary changes in the examination system, textbooks, and curriculum. Teachers have to prepare accordingly. It may not be possible overnight, but it is possible to change it gradually and effectively.
At present in our country, there is no reward for good deeds and no punishment for the damage caused by irresponsible behavior. If so, nominal. Our schooling system should be made so instructors can play out their obligations genuinely Their goal is to go where their posting is and to teach well. In such cases, those who perform their duties efficiently should be commended and rewarded, and if they fail, they should be held accountable and there should be an effective system of accountability. Khyber Pakhtunkhwa has introduced a good monitoring system over the past decade, which has seen a significant increase in teacher attendance, quality teaching, and enrollment in government schools. Many so-called English media and some slightly better schools have been closed permanently due to dropouts. This model can be further extended to other provinces of the country.
7. Educational partnership
Our educational institutions operate in isolation, confined within their walls. It is as if there is no partnership between different institutions. If one school or college is performing well, it does not benefit other schools and colleges, or if one school is consistently performing poorly, there is no one to step forward and hold its hand. How good it is for institutions to partner with each other. Share your experiences, resources, achievements, and difficulties and support each other. Teachers may be exchanged for some time, a committee of headmasters and principals may be formed, school development plans may be drawn up together, review each other’s curriculum and co-curricular activities and give expert opinions for improvement. After a while, see how all the institutions work together on the path of development.
8. Use of technology
In the present age, the use of technology and other modern resources is very important. Unfortunately, our educational institutions do not equip themselves with technology and modern resources and still adhere to traditional methods. The result is that the world is moving very fast and we are far behind. It has also been observed that many institutions have modern computers, multimedia, smart boards, laboratory equipment, and thousands of books but the equipment and the doors of the libraries are locked. Asking reveals that use is not allowed or does not have the skills to use. In some cases, it has been reported that using them can be harmful. So don’t touch the goods. I think it is a thousand times better to use such equipment than to spoil it lying down. There is a need for all educational institutions to be provided with modern resources, to be given the skills and courage to use these resources, and to keep themselves updated with the requirements of the modern age.
9. Parental participation
Guardians are the main partners in any instructive foundation they send their children to you with the hope and blind faith that you will give them quality education with the guarantee of a good person and a successful future. They go hungry themselves but pay for the children’s fees, stationery, copies, books, uniforms, and other necessities on time. But unfortunately, they are not involved in any decision making nor are they respectfully informed about the educational performance of their children. Many organizations consider parents a burden. One side always compromises in this triangle of parents, educational institutions, and children, the negative effect of which is evident in the attainment of quality education.
Quality education is the right of all children and citizens. Now is the time for all stakeholders to come together and, by consensus, revise the curriculum and significantly increase the education budget. Sharing of educational institutions, use of modern resources and participation of parents in educational matters are some of the steps towards quality education.